Kimberley Process architect speaks out on certification scheme.
At least 13 million people worldwide from over 30 developing countries engage in artisanal and small-scale mining, and a further 80-100 million people depend on this sector for their livelihood. Artisanal and small-scale miners typically have limited rights, and often expose themselves to harsh working and living conditions in a high risk context. Nonetheless, involvement in this activity continues to expand.
Communities and Small-Scale Mining (CASM), chaired by the UK government's Department for International Development, is housed at the World Bank in Washington D.C., and address the challenges facing ASM communities as well as the need for improved coordination between institutions funding and executing assistance.
A major aim of CASM is to collect and share the lessons learned from the past decade of development efforts - what has and has not worked in different contexts - but also to contribute to the improvement of new efforts, especially given the limited resources available for work within the sub-sector.
“The DDII offers and intelligent approach to the long-standing problems of artisanal diamond mining. Regulation has its place, but development problems require development solutions.”
Ministry of Mineral Resources, Sierra Leone.
Terah U. Dejong, September 2013
By Ian Smillie, March 2011
Assessment of the Kimberley Process in enhancing formalization and certification in the diamond industry – problems and opportunities.
By Ian Smillie, December 2010
Assessment of "positive" schemes to enhance formalization and certification in the diamond industry.
DDII Newsletter, Issue 1, November 2009
In this issue:
by Shawn Blore, May 2009
Joan Baxter, May 2009
This Policy Brief discusses land rehabilitation in Sierra Leone, and the efforts of two organizations to find sustainable solutions. It highlights the lessons that they have learned so far, and it offers policy advice to the government of Sierra Leone as it revises its mining and mineral policies.
Monica Gagnon, May 2009
An overview of gender issues relating to the artisanal diamond mining sector. This paper is part of a series of background papers on artisanal diamond mining and basic development issues. It complements DDII’s regular series of Policy Briefs. Others in the series will deal with topics such as the environment, health, microfinance and community development.
Estelle Agnes Levin with Ansumana Babar Turay, June 2008
From September 1999 to December 2007, Management Systems International (MSI) was contracted by USAID to manage its US$6.5 million Integrated Diamond Management Program (IDMP) and its Peace Diamond Alliance (PDA) in Sierra Leone. The project aimed to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficiation.
To gather all interested parties into a process that will address, in a comprehensive way, the political, social and economic challenges facing the artisanal diamond mining sector in order to optimize the beneficial development impact of artisanal diamond mining to miners and their communities within the countries in which the diamonds are mined.
This guide contains practical, relevant standards and guidelines for companies, government departments and development organizations interested in working where artisanal alluvial diamond mining takes place. The first set of guidelines has been produced for Sierra Leone and the project is now being replicated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
by Estelle Levin and Lansana Gberie, March 2006
This study of resource flows in Sierra Leone describes how diamonds move from the mining areas to the point of export, how prices change along the pipeline, and where the highest returns are made. The report is available in a full and a summary version.
- Accra, October 2005
How can artisanal mining, the dominant mode of diamond production in several African countries, be made more efficient and beneficial to the miners, and to the countries in which they work?
Why is the DDII Important at a Micro Economic Level? What are the constraints to a free, fair and competitive market for artisanal diamond miners? Are there entry points, pressure points or "choke points" that might advance initiatives that aim to support artisanal miners? Are there positive and/or negative lessons from current or previous initiatives? What capacities exist to deal with the challenges and opportunities? What additional capacities are needed? What more do we need to know? Who needs to be involved in taking the issue forward?
This paper reviews challenges and opportunities for positive change in the macroeconomic environments of Africa's alluvial diamond producing countries, focusing particularly on the artisanal sector.